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VDEh-Betriebsforschungsinstitut GmbH (BFI)

Is one of Europe’s leading private-sector institutes for applied research and development in the field of steel technology.

BFI is a non-profit, limited liability company in which Steel Institute VDEh is the sole shareholder.

The main object of institute’s work is the optimisation of steel production processes under economic, quality and environmental aspects including Industry 4.0 topics. BFI has a staff of about 100 people, 70 % of them being scientists and engineers with long term experience on the processes of the steel industry. Additionally, BFI is an active partner in the RFCS programme and has co-ordinated and contributed to numerous projects dealing with CO2 mitigation technologies within the steel industry.

BFI holds a long-lasting experience in modelling and optimization of steelmaking processes.

Within the scope of the research projects, the principal objective is to optimise the processes of the steel industry. Often the aim was the mitigation of CO2 emissions by application of different novel techniques. BFI authored more than 100 scientific publications and participated in several workshops and international conferences.

BFI is a 100 % subsidiary of the Steel Institute VDEh. Currently, 59 steel producers in Germany, 16 steel producers in other European countries and 81 plant manufacturing and supplier companies are members in the Steel Institute VDEh. Further, the BFI is one of the leading partners of the „Research Initiative for European Steel (RIES)“ and the „European Steel Technology Plattform (ESTEP)“. Via membership of the EUROFER masterplan development group, thereby focussing on CCU, BFI is involved in an intensive experience and knowledge exchange with the member companies being key players in the field relevant for the project.

Centre de Recherches Metallurgiques (CRM)

Is a non-profit steel research organisation with a long-standing experience in R&D&I projects related to steel production, shaping, coating and applications, at large.

CRM has a staff of about 245 persons, half of them being scientists or engineers with proven expertise in steelmaking processes, including modelling, development of sensors and new measurement techniques, welding and assembly, energy, environmental impact and by-products, new manufacturing techniques, etc.

Furthermore, CRM is operating many dedicated pilot lines and simulation tools covering the whole steel production chain, most of which have been designed and manufactured by its own engineering team.

Two of the major European and world-wide steelmakers, ArcelorMittal and Tata Steel, are the effective members and the closest partners of CRM.

In total, more than 40 industrial companies (steelmakers, plant manufacturers, suppliers, steel users, etc) are members of CRM. CRM has notably been involved in many energy and CO2-related projects of the steel industry and one its engineers, Jean Borlée, has been seconded to ArcelorMittal for coordinating the ULCOS initiative and chairing the ULCOS Steering Committee.

Rina Consulting

Centro Sviluppo Materiali S.P.A. (CSM)

Was established in 1963 as a research Centre for the Italian iron and steel industry. In 1998, it changed into a private Industrial Research Centre for research and development of materials. Today CSM is a company of RINA Group. With over 200 talented researchers and technicians, 20 laboratories, pilot lines and full-scale testing facilities, CSM is a competent partner for projects related to materials, process technology and innovation. The traditional presence of CSM as the Italian reference pole in European research (RFCS and Framework Programmes) results in hundreds of international collaboration agreements and contracts.

CSM stands as national reference point on the Industry 4.0 (I4.0) issues supported by a network of the major Italian Universities and the main public Research Centres. Currently, CSM also contributes to the definition of the national development lines for I4.0 issues.

Currently, CSM is involved in 58 RFCS (Research Fund for Coal and Steel) projects, 10 FP7 (7th Framework Program) and 5 Horizon 2020 projects.

Beside this, CSM is a high-level participant in the European Technological Platforms ESTEP (steel) and EuMat (advanced materials). Moreover, CSM works as co-founders of RIES (Research Initiative European Steel) for the coordination among the main iron and steel research centres in Europe.

Specific skills for the current project “LowCarbonFuture” are related to knowledge and wide experience on environmental issues, energy saving, utilization of alternative carbon bearing materials, process modelling and optimization (especially on the EAF processes).

K1-MET GmbH (K1-MET)

Is a competence centre for Excellent Technologies in Advanced Metallurgical and Environmental Process Development and is driven by the Austrian steel industry. K1-MET is essential to the continuation of the prolonged successful track record of the Austrian steel and processing industry to make it more competitive, sustainable and lead to economic growth.

Main locations of the K1-MET centre are Linz and Leoben (both Austria), where also the key players of metallurgy and research are located. Currently, 48 people are employed at K1-MET.

Shareholders of K1-MET are voestalpine Stahl and Montanuniversität Leoben with each 35 %, Primetals Technologies Austria with 20 % and Johannes Kepler Universität (Linz, Austria) with 10 %. All major academic and industrial partners from the Austrian iron and steel industry are contributing and working within the K1-MET programme. Through this structure, K1-MET has built up competences and resources to achieve any project related goals.

K1-MET hosts a research program with four main themes, named areas, which are Resources & Recycling (Area 1), High Temperature Metallurgy (Area 2), Processing & Energy Performance (Area 3) and Modelling & Simulation (Area 4).

The research work of K1-MET is aligned with the strategic goals defined by the European Commission in the EU 2020 strategy and K1-MET possesses competences and huge knowledge in the field of CDA being one of the three CO2 mitigation pathway to be investigated within “LowCarbonFuture”. Therefore, K1-MET brings an added value into the project consortium.




Is a research institute in the area metallurgy, heating processes, metalworking, environment and energy technology with customers in the iron and steel as well as alloy and base metal industries, environmental companies and equipment suppliers.

MEFOS has renowned experience in designing new high-temperature processes, modify the layout of existing ones for new requirements and operate the plants on large pilot-scale according to the customer requirements.

On customer or project demand, new pilot-equipment can be designed, constructed, erected and safely put in operation in a short time period. MEFOS carries out applied research to meet customer needs for technology and expertise and contribute to economic and competitive production. MEFOS has long experience of participation in European research programs mainly within RFCS as partner or coordinator and has been engaged in projects for CO2 reduction including ULCOS.

Currently, MEFOS participates in several large H2020 pilot plant projects related to CO2 capture and utilization (STEPWISE and FRESME). Beside this, numerous other projects for biomass use in steelmaking as well as process integration are currently running with MEFOS as consortium partner. Due to these research activities, MEFOS can deliver high-quality contributions to all three CO2 mitigation pathways to be investigated within the project “LowCarbonFuture”.